ENFERMEDAD DE BEHÇET

                                                   

   Enfermedad sistémica compleja caracterizada por la presencia de aftas orales recurrentes junto con, al menos, dos de los siguientes síntomas o signos: ulceraciones genitales recurrentes, vasculitis retiniana o uveitis anterior o posterior, lesiones cutáneas o resultado positivo de la prueba de la patergia. Además de estos criterios internacionales, los criterios de O’Duffy incluyen sinovitis, meningoencefalitis y vasculitis pustulosa cutánea en ausencia de enfermedad intestinal, colagenopatías o infección herpética.

   <(F.): Maladie de Behçet: le syndrome de Behçet (actuellement maladie de Behçet), est un état chronique du à des troubles du système immunitaire de l'organisme. Le système immunitaire, au lieu de protéger le corps contre des infections en provoquant des inflammations contrôlées, devient hyperactif et produit des crises imprédictibles d'inflammation indésirée et exagérée. Cette inflammation supplémentaire affecte les vaisseaux sanguins, en général les plus petits. Du coup, l'on observe des symptômes.

   <(In.): Behcet's disease, Behçet syndrome: a chronic inflammatory disorder involving the small blood vessels which is characterized by a classic triad of features: ulcers in the mouth, ulcers of the genitalia, and inflammation of the eye (uveitis). The mouth and genital ulcers recur in crops and are painful. The mouth ulcers appear on the inner lining of the mouth, the gums, and tongue. The genital ulcers occur on the scrotum and penis of males and vulva of women and can leave scars. Arthritis is commonplace with Behcet's syndrome, as is involvement of the gastrointestinal system and central nervous system. The cause of Behcet's syndrome is not known. It is more frequent and severe in patients from the Eastern Mediterranean and Asia than those of European descent. Treatment for Behcet's disease is symptomatic and supportive. Medication may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.

                                     

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